Akinorn Would you like to change to the site? This is the space, Soja contends, where everything comes together. It is the third aspect in a new way of thinking about space and spatiality. We are interested in how businessmen move around the city and we would study the homeless person trying to sell a map to one of these businessman.

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Thirdspace[ edit ] Soja developed a theory of Thirdspace in which "everything comes together… subjectivity and objectivity, the abstract and the concrete, the real and the imagined, the knowable and the unimaginable, the repetitive and the differential, structure and agency, mind and body, consciousness and the unconscious, the disciplined and the transdisciplinary, everyday life and unending history. He synthesizes these theories with the work of postcolonial thinkers from Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak to bell hooks , Edward Said to Homi K.

Like Lefebvre, sometimes called a mystical Marxist, Soja demonstrates leanings towards a monadic mysticism in his Thirdspace. He formulates Thirdspace by analogy with the Aleph , a concept of spatial infinity developed by Jorge Luis Borges. Soja here closely resembles Homi K. Cosmopolis: The primacy of globalization. Globalization of culture, labor and capital. Reworlds the city. Exopolis: The city that no longer conveys the traditional qualities of cityness.

No cityness about Los Angeles. Growth of the outer city and city edges. More urban life. Metropolarities: Increasing social inequalities, widening income gaps, new kinds of social polarization and satisfaction that fit uncomfortably within traditional dualisms based on class or race, as well as conventional.

New underclass debate. Carcereal Archipelagos: A fortified city with bulging prisons. The City of Quartz. More surveillance. Simcity: A place where simulations of a presumably real world increasingly capture and activate our urban imaginary and infiltrate urban life. An electronic generation of hyperreality. London: Verso Press, Scott, A. J and E. Soja, eds. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Postmetropolis: Critical Studies of Cities and Regions. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, Seeking Spatial Justice. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.



Applying the theoretical frameworks developed in Postmodern Geographies and Thirdspace , it is the first comprehensive text in the growing field of critical urban and regional studies to deal with the dramatically restructured megacities that emerged worldwide over the last half of the twentieth century. At its core is a lively discussion of six discourses that have coalesced around explaining what Soja calls the postmetropolitan transition, a major sea change in how we live in cities and experience urbanism as a way of life. To provide depth to these discussions, the book begins with a rethinking of the debates on the origins of cities, the geohistorical evolution of urban form, and the dynamic relations between society and space in the specific context of urban agglomerations. In addition to being an innovative text in urban and regional studies and an insightful application of new approaches to interpreting the spatiality of human life, Postmetropolis is also a book about contemporary Los Angeles, a vivid and far-reaching interpretation of its turbulent recent history and geography. The book concludes with a look back to the civil unrest of to portray the postmetropolis in explosive crisis as well as to draw some hope for the future based on new coalition-based struggles for spatial justice and regional democracy.


Postmetropolis : Critical Studies of Cities and Regions

Print Postmetropolis Postmetropolis is an ambitious term that could be summarized as the "postmodern metropolis. Soja aims to define the globalized city that he supposes to be involved in a radical transition process that began in the modern city, the fruit of the third urban revolution, and leads to the postmetropolis, the fruit of the late capitalist economic restructuring and its fourth urban revolution. One of the main characteristics of the postmetropolis is its formal complexity. In it simultaneous deterritorialization and reterritorialization processes converge, i. The first are characterized by the weakening of the idea of place and of the territorially defined social communities, and the second by the appearance of a new spatiality where what is urban is inseparable from what is non-urban, where the limits between the interior and the exterior have become blurred, where concepts such as "city," "suburb," "country," and "metropolitan area" are hard to separate. Soja develops the term postmetropolis by following six discourses that refer to socioeconomic phenomena that come together in the postmodern metropolis: the discourse of economic restructuring, where the postmetropolis is presented as a production space, the threads of which penetrate each of the fibers of the city; the discourse of the globalization of capital, work, and culture, where the postmetropolis appears as an extremely heterogeneous cosmopolis; the discourse of the restructuring of urban space, where the postmetropolis undergoes combined processes of decentralization and centralization; the social discourse, where the postmetropolis is fractalized, fragmented, and polarized; and to end two final discourses that project this reflection on what Soja considers to be the postmetropolis par excellence: Los Angeles.


Postmetropolis: Critical Studies of Cities and Regions





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